14 February 2016

Workplace Violence: Cues and Clues to Teach...

Operational Risk Management (ORM) is your foundation for crisis leadership. It will also prepare the enterprise for the potential for Homegrown Violent Extremism (HVE).  Is there a nexus with the cues and clues of traditional workplace violence and domestic terrorism? A domestic terrorist differs from a homegrown violent extremist in that the former is not inspired by, and does not take direction from, a foreign terrorist group or other foreign power.

All work locations have distinct categories of threats that are relevant to the site, people and type of business. Assessing the violent factors is the role of Senior FBI profiler (retired) Mary Ellen O'Toole and there are four categories according to a study entitled: "The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective:"
  1. A Direct Threat
  2. An Indirect Threat
  3. A Veiled Threat
  4. A Conditional Threat
Employees must be trained to be aware of the warning signals that typically occur before a threat and violent act becomes operational. Based on the O'Toole study these are some of the 23 "Red Flags" that employers should be monitoring and keeping their Corporate Threat Assessment Teams on high alert for:
  • Low tolerance for frustration
  • Poor coping skills
  • Failed relationships
  • Signs of depression
  • Exaggerated sense of entitlement
  • Attitude of superiority
  • Inappropriate humor
  • Seeks to manipulate others
  • Lack of trust/paranoia
  • Access to weapons
  • Abuse of drugs and alcohol
Source: O'Toole, Mary Ellen, "The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective," by the Critical Incident Response Group (CIRG), the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC) and the FBI Academy.
The court and the jury will look upon your employers ability to apply the basics of workplace violence and threat assessment. What did you know? When did you know it? What have you done about it? They will judge you on the threat assessments utilization of insider threat intelligence combined with the evidence of your overt training of employees in the workplace. What grade would you give your company today for these fundamentals?

Let's take it to the next step in terms of your ability to even meet the requirement by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States. Awareness programs are expected on the four primary types of workplace crimes:
  1. Those crimes committed by people not connected to the workplace.
  2. Aggression by third parties including customers, clients, patients, students, or any others for whom you provide a service or product.
  3. Employee-to-Employee violence or a former employee who returns to the workplace with the intention to injure a former supervisor.
  4. Aggression related to a personal relationship inside or outside the workplace.
The organization who understands the foundation for creating a proactive and preventive team for incidents in the workplace should not stop there. Once you have developed the framework for Incident Command, Emergency Operations Center, Shelter in Place, Medical Triage and Evacuation you have a good baseline to extend to a complete "Continuity of Intelligence Operations" strategy. This requires a deeper analysis into the threats inside your organization that may put you out of business entirely:
The ISIS assault on Paris and the ISIS-inspired massacre in San Bernardino, California, share a disturbing fact, no one saw them coming. Today, the biggest terrorist threat to the United States is not like al Qaeda. ISIS is wealthy, agile, sophisticated online, and operates freely in a vast territory of its own. It prefers to be called the Islamic State. The U.S. government calls it ISIL. Reporters tend to call it ISIS for the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. But whatever the name, it has the manpower, means and ruthlessness to attack the U.S. The man who is supposed to stop that attack is John Brennan, the director of the CIA. And tonight, in a rare interview, we talk to Brennan about a world of trouble and we start with the most pressing danger.
Once the organization has adopted the "All Threats - All Hazards" intelligence mentality then it is well on it's way to becoming a survivable business.  Operational Risk Management (ORM) is a discipline that incorporates this approach and enables owners, operators and business suppliers with the tools, methods and strategy to handle workplace violence incidents or a catastrophic act of mother nature.

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