- 1. Assess the situation.
- Task loading refers to the negative effect of increased tasking on performance of the tasks.
- Additive factors refers to having a situational awareness of the cumulative effect of variables (conditions, etc.).
- Human factors refers to the limitations of the ability of the human body and mind to adapt to the work environment (e.g. stress, fatigue, impairment, lapses of attention, confusion, and willful violations of regulations).
- 2. Balance your resources.
This refers to balancing resources in three different ways:
- Balancing resources and options available. This means evaluating and leveraging all the informational, labor, equipment, and material resources available.
- Balancing Resources verses hazards. This means estimating how well prepared you are to safely accomplish a task and making a judgement call.
- Balancing individual verses team effort. This means observing individual risk warning signs. It also means observing how well the team is communicating, knows the roles that each member is supposed to play, and the stress level and participation level of each team member.
- 3. Communicate risks and intentions.
- Communicate hazards and intentions.
- Communicate to the right people.
- Use the right communication style. Asking questions is a technique to opening the lines of communication. A direct and forceful style of communication gets a specific result from a specific situation.
- 4. Do and debrief. (Take action and monitor for change.)
This is accomplished in three different phases:
- Mission Completion is a point where the exercise can be evaluated and reviewed in full.
- Execute and Gauge Risk involves managing change and risk while an exercise is in progess.
- Future Performance Improvements refers to preparing a "lessons learned" for the next team that plans or executes a task.
18 March 2012
10 March 2012
The Houston Ship Channel Security District, a unique public-private partnership, improves security and safety for facilities, employees and communities surrounding the Houston Ship Channel. The district provides oversight of comprehensive and cost-effective security solutions, leveraging more than $30 million in federal grants to install technology and security infrastructure with operations, maintenance and matching dollars to fund specific security projects, maintenance and operational services.
An enhanced multi-layered approach increases preparedness and response capability to mitigate and eliminate potential security threats within district boundaries, protecting both landside and waterside facilities. The improved infrastructure includes wireless and fiber optic-wired communications systems, software that analyzes video images, high-tech night vision and motion-activated detection equipment. It also includes land and water detection components, such as radar, sonar and security sensors.
District services include enhanced security capability, such as marked patrol boats, patrol cars and all-terrain vehicles. Information sharing, alerts and notifications will be improved through a consolidated multi-agency operational and strategic command and control emergency
Improving domain and situation awareness through enhanced infrastructure and services will deliver more rapid response times.
INSA is the premier not-for-profit, nonpartisan, private sector professional organization providing a structure and interactive forum for thought leadership, the sharing of ideas, and networking within the intelligence and national security communities. INSA has over 160 corporate members, as well as several hundred individual members, who are industry leaders within the government, private sector, and academia.
Homeland Security Intelligence is a discipline that depends on the successful fusion of foreign and domestic intelligence to produce the kind of actionable intelligence necessary to protect the homeland. INSA is one private private organization that realizes this more than others.
- The DNI, in partnership with the Office of Intelligence and Analysis, DHs, the Director of the FBI and state, local and tribal leaders should articulate a clear, lawful role for fusion centers in the national intelligence process and the national intelligence strategy, and define what constitutes appropriate Federal presence in a fusion center. DHs, I&A as the federal executive agent, should establish standards for training all fusion center analysts to a common analytic standard.
- Congress should consider funding a base-line operational capability for state and urban area fusion centers. Federal funds should be limited to support of maintaining federally-validated capabilities, and allocated specifically for the fusion centers.
- The program manager - Information sharing environment should develop policy for a single, effective suspicious activity reporting system, a better methodology and analytics to support the use of Suspicious Activity Reporting in Homeland Security Intelligence (HSI) analysis, and promulgate policy for the establishment of a single sensitive but unclassified information sharing network for the enterprise.