13 April 2004

Homeland Security: Fire and Explosion Planning Matrix

Homeland Security: Fire and Explosion Planning Matrix:

Recent terrorist events in the United States underscore the importance of fire prevention and workplace emergency planning efforts. Fires or explosions created by arson or an explosive device can be the quickest way for a terrorist to affect a targeted business. Consequently, OSHA developed this Fire and Explosion Planning Matrix to provide employers with planning considerations and on-line resources that may help employers reduce their vulnerability to, or the consequences of, a terrorist's explosive device or act of arson. A terrorist's explosive device or act of arson are not workplace fire hazards or ignition sources that OSHA expects an employer to reasonably identify and attempt to control. However, an effective fire prevention plan that includes these fire hazards/ignition sources may increase workplace safety and security, and ensure that employees know how to respond to threats and incidents safely and effectively.

Since terrorism can impact employers and workers, OSHA is committed to strengthening workplace planning and preparedness so that employers and workers may better protect themselves and reduce the likelihood that they may be harmed in the event of a terrorist incident. OSHA continues to work with other Federal response agencies, including the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command (SBCCOM), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and, within CDC, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), to provide accurate, current information in this rapidly developing area of occupational safety and health.

Assessing the Risk of a Terrorist Incident

Within this document, OSHA draws on the FBI definition of terrorism and defines terrorist act/incident as a premeditated, unlawful act dangerous to human life that is intended to further political or social objectives. The Fire and Explosion Matrix addresses terrorist acts/incidents that involve arson or an explosive device to achieve political or social objectives."

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